Political Economy Analysis (PEA) is a field-based methodology that can improve the effectiveness of international development assistance by helping development practitioners to focus on not only how things happen but why things happen. Although used specifically for biodiversity conservation planning under this project, the Framework itself is agnostic to the subject matter and country context, and can be used for a variety of assessments at the country, sector, or problem level. PEA requires researchers to analyze the politics and power, not simply to understand the relationships but to expose how and why these specifically hinder development goals – and ultimately to identify how actors’ interests and change processes could be supported. In many ways PEA tries to determine the who, what, and why that keeps and sustains the status quo and what realistic opportunities are there to change incentives and to effect change.
For summaries of the lessons learned and key findings from these PEAs as a whole, as well as individual case study summaries, please see the documents linked below:
The three case studies conducted by USAID and Integra in African countries showed that the Applied PEA Framework is an important tool for understanding of how the impacts of extractives affect customary property rights and customary law, intersect with patronage networks, including those related to land accumulation and territorial occupation associated with these industries, and relate to criminality.