Governance Paradigms for Urban Resilience: A Three Country Landscape Review




Kyrgz Republic, Mongolia, Bangladesh


Asia’s urbanization rate, the growth of the urban population over time, is projected to reach 64 percent by 2050. Therefore, developing liveable and sustainable cities is critical for the region’s sustainable development. Policies that promote technology, data, and innovation to make urban services inclusive and sustainable will be critical and should be considered for all investments. If done well, urbanization in Asia can improve health and living conditions and enhance economic livelihoods while creating opportunities for achieving sustainable development.

USAID/Asia Bureau asked Integra to conduct a three-country landscape review of public health service delivery in Bangladesh, Kyrgyz Republic, and Mongolia. The research team examined how the political and structural context shapes urban healthcare resilience. The team completed desk research and Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) with people they identified through their networks on the ground. The final report included an outline of the background and trends of multi-level governance of public services in Asia and case studies on the political context and landscape of the public health service delivery in the three mentioned cities. The final report included a comparison of the similarities and differences between the case studies with areas for collaboration to strengthen future USAID programs in the region.

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